Cars come in all shapes and sizes, fast or slow, sleek or square, luxury or basic. Only 230 years ago the first cars were feared and loathed or nuisance on the road. But now there are 500 million vehicles need worldwide.
The Chronology :
A world without cars although unimaginable today, was but a wink back in the evolution of times.
Through the next 5000 years (till the mid 18th century), this remained the principle form of transport embraced by all major civilizations. Horses and oxen were used to draw chariots for fighting, coaches to transport, people and wagons to move their goods.
The first mechanized mode of transportation happened in 1769, and most of the action as for as the development of the car is concerned took place only in the last two centuries. The following pages of car history talk of the very first two eras of automobiles production viz.
First cars : The very first self-propelled car as built in 1769, when Nicolas Cugnot, a French military engineer designed a steam powered road vehicle.
The vehicle was built at the Paris Arsenal, and was used by the French Army to move cannons. It had three wheels with the engine in the front along with the boiler. White Cugnot’s ‘car’ was capable of attaining speeds of up to 6 kms/hour, it was far too heavy and slow to be of practical use.
Past cars : When the invention of wheel there was bullock cart, horse carriage and then car came. In 1771, Frenchman Nicolas Cugnot built a bulky iron-and wood three-wheeler which was christened “The Fardair.” There are different car makers in the worldwide. Famous people started our company like Porsche, Mercedes-Benz, Ferrari, Rolls-Royce, Lamborghini and Ford.
Gottlieb Daimler was a German inventor. In 1885 after spending long hours in a garden workshop unveiled a contraption called a four stroke engine.
Karl Benz was also a German inventor. Karl Benz mounted his engine beneath the seat of a three wheeled body complete with rubber tyres and a bicycle chain. By 1891 Benz had designed and made a four wheel car called the Viktoria.
Finally a lighter, cheaper model called the “Volo” which traveled at little more than 19 km (12 mile) per hour. In 1895 there were a total of III Benz cars on the roads of Europe.
Many improved on the end engine on the design but the principle of motor transport was established by trail-blazers Daimler and Benz. Both of them made Mercedes-Benz company.
Future cars : The vehicle of tomorrow is probably the solar car which runs on energy converted from the sun’s rays. The most successful are hallmarked by a futuristic shape with a pointed rear end and nose like a small areoplans.
Also the vehicle of tomorrow is probably the electric car which runs on energy converted from the electricity. The more the fuel burned, the more the CO2 produced. In the official 10–15 mode test -where the speed barely rises above 54 kmph it achieved 35 kmph. In the old measures, thats nearly 100 miles per gallon. Maximum speed in 180 kmph and it can acceilerate from 0–96 kmpl in 11.5 seconds.
Writen by Aashish Mathew George — Stories by amg